Vaccine protection against bacterial causes of meningitis (UK)
There are several vaccines available that protect against some of the common causes of life-threatening bacterial meningitis and septicaemia: meningococcal, pneumococcal and Hib.
Meningitis vaccines available in the UK and Ireland
The vaccines that are available which offer protection against meningococcal bacteria are:
A year after the emergency roll out of the vaccine in 2015 there were 69% fewer MenW cases than expected.
In a world first, it was offered as part of the UK’s routine vaccination schedule in 2015.
The UK was the first country in the world to introduce the MenC vaccine to the routine immunisation schedule in 1999.
Men ACWY Factsheet - UK
Men ACWY Factsheet - Ireland
Men B Factsheet
There is also a vaccine to protect against an infection caused by
Hemophilus influenza bacteria.
The Hib vaccine was a scientific breakthrough in prevention, as the first conjugate vaccine to offer effective protection to babies against bacterial meningitis.
The Hib/MenC booster is offered to maintain protection. It was introduced to keep disease levels low after research showed that protection waned during the first year of life, leading to a resurgence in cases.
There are over 90 different strains of pneumococcal bacteria and two vaccines that offer protection against the most common causes of serious disease.
PCV13 (Prevenar13®) which is offered to babies at 12 weeks with a booster at age 1
PPV23 (Pneumovax®) was introduced in 2004 and is offered to people aged 65 or over, and for risk groups aged 2 years and over.
Pneumococcal vaccination factsheet